Nano tin(Sn), indium(In), bismuth(Bi) powder:
The melting points of tin, indium, bismuth and their alloys are all below 300 ° C. Many organic solvents have boiling points above this temperature and can be stable for a long time, so it is easy to find a suitable reaction medium. Tin, indium and antimony nanoparticles have attracted much attention in the field of friction due to their special physicochemical properties and small particle size. The use of nanoparticles as lubricant additives is a research hotspot in the field of lubrication. Studies have shown that nanoparticles have different lubrication properties than traditional organic lubricant additives due to their composition and structural characteristics. Specifically in the following three aspects:
(1) The nanoparticles are mostly spherical, and they may act like a “ball bearing” between the frictional faces, thereby effectively improving the tribological properties of the lubricating oil;
(2) Under heavy load and high temperature, the nanoparticles between the frictional faces may be flattened to form a sliding system, thereby reducing friction and wear;
(3) Nanoparticles can be filled in the pits and damage sites on the surface of the workpiece, making it possible to repair the surface of the friction surface in situ. Metal nanoparticle lubricants combined with the combination of the above three mechanisms of nanoparticles are considered to be the most likely to be a new generation of lubricant additives.
Nano Copper(Cu) powder:
The nano-copper powder in the nano-copper powder lubricating oil additive acts as a buffer on the surface of the friction workpiece during the circulation of the oil circuit, and the nano-copper powder has better high-temperature chemical stability with respect to the organic additive, and therefore, fundamentally It solves the problem of agglomeration and carbonization which may occur in lubricating oil at high temperatures. More importantly, the nano copper powder is fine and soft, and can be filled with friction defects at any time to play a self-repairing effect. The function of nano copper lubricant additive is mainly reflected in:
1. Reduce frictional resistance, improve engine effective power and extend engine life;
2. Eliminate damage to the engine from initial start-up and save fuel consumption;
3. Improve the efficiency of the lubricating oil and ensure the power output of the engine.
Experimental studies have shown that the addition of 0.1% nano-copper powder lubricant additive to the lubricating oil can reduce the friction coefficient by 30%, the wear by 34%, the fuel economy by 5%, and the average fuel consumption by 3%.
Nano boron nitride powder:
Nano boron nitride powder has excellent lubricating properties at room temperature and good lubricity in high temperature environments. It is widely used in the field of high temperature solid lubricants.
Nano Graphite powder:
Nano graphite powder belongs to layered inorganic substances, and the addition of nano-graphite lubricating oil and grease has obvious improvement in lubrication performance, high-temperature resistance, wear resistance and wear-reducing performance.
Lubricating oil and grease are used in the industrial lubrication field. However, lubricating oil and grease will reduce the lubricating effect in high temperature and high pressure environment, and nano graphite powder will be added as lubricant additive to lubricating oil and grease production. Among them, nano-graphite powder can upgrade its lubricating performance and high temperature resistance. Nano-graphite powder is made of natural flake graphite powder with good lubricity as raw material, while nano-graphite powder has nanometer-scale grain size and volume effect. , quantum effect, surface and interface effects, after research, it shows that under the same conditions of scale crystal size, the smaller the particle size of graphite powder, the better the lubrication effect.
The use of nano-graphite powder in grease is better than that in lubricating oil. Nano-graphite powder can be made into nano-graphite solid lubricating dry film, which can be used on the rolling surface of heavy-duty bearings. The coating formed by nano-graphite powder can be effective. The ground is isolated from corrosive media while providing effective lubrication.
Nano Zirconium Dioxide(ZrO2) particle:
The zirconia particles having a particle diameter of less than 100 nm can effectively improve the antiwear and antifriction properties and load carrying capacity of the lubricating oil. The tribological mechanism of nano-zirconia is deposited on the friction surface to form a lubricating film with anti-wear and anti-friction effects. It should be noted that the amount of nano zirconia added has an optimum value, and the amount of addition is too large, and the tribological properties of the lubricating oil may decrease.
Nano Silica(SiO2) particle:
The surface of the nano-silica particles contains a large amount of hydroxyl groups and unsaturated residual bonds, which can form a strong chemical adsorption film on the surface of the friction pair, thereby protecting the metal friction surface and significantly improving the friction performance of the lubricating oil.
Some studies have found that the bearing capacity of lubricating oil is greatly improved after adding nano-SiO2. When the amount of addition is 1.5, the PB value is increased by nearly one time. At the same time, it was also found that SiO2 nanoparticles as excellent lubricant additives showed excellent anti-wear and anti-friction properties, and played a certain role in repairing the wear table.